7. The number of new cases of disease over a certain time period is the ________. For many indigenous nations, however, the first impressions of Europeans were characterized by violent … The history of external colonisation of Africa can be divided into two stages\: Classical antiquity and European colonialism\. After 1900, Europe began to introduce changes to colonial rule in an effort to increase revenues from the colonies. In 1st Apr, 1519, Hernan Cortes started conquering. What role did Pan Africanism play in the growth of anticolonial nationalism? 6. Chapter 11: section 2 Imperialism Flashcards | Quizlet Page 7/26 Describe three ways microbes can cause tissue damage. Southeast Asia in Maps. In the 1830's the Boers, migrated to the interior of Southern Africa and began to engage in conflicts with Zulu. 12. Both labour and capital in England had become fairly fluid by 1600 and were seeking more profitable fields. She was a Winnebago woman who taught art at the Carlisle school, creating a niche for herself by specializing in Native-American subject matter. On the night of March 5, 1770, he was part of a large and angry crowd that had gathered at the Boston Customs House to harass the British soldiers stationed there. It was established by the Belgian parliament to replace the previous, privately owned Congo Free State, after international outrage over abuses there brought pressure for supervision and accountability. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Even microbes that can't be grown in a lab. Colonization and Independence in Africa 24 Day Two TRB Advanced Study Guide—Part II 1. American colonies - American colonies - How colonization took place: A variety of motives—political, religious, and economic—contributed to the settling of the Atlantic seaboard. True/False: Your gut biota can determine your mood and mental health. Colonization with health care-associated pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, enterococci, Gram-negative organisms, and Clostridium difficile is associated with increased risk of infection. American colonies - American colonies - How colonization took place: A variety of motives—political, religious, and economic—contributed to the settling of the Atlantic seaboard. 2. The term is derived from the Latin word colere, which means "to inhabit". 5. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. UTI, Surgical site infections, Lower raspiratory tract infection, gastroenteritis. The Human ________ Project collects genetic sequences of microbes from many body sites. In 1822, the society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in 1847 became the independent nation of Liberia. Colonialism is the policy of a country seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. resistance. MacArthur supplied them by submarine, and sent reinforcements and officers. 27 Section 2 Colonization And Imperialism is additionally useful. 18. Effects of Colonisation on North American Indians Since the Europeans set foot on North American soil in 1620,they have had a devastating effect on the native population. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. From a Native American perspective, the initial intentions of Europeans were not always immediately clear. Start studying APUSH, Unit 2. 16. if the virus can survive Ph then it can survive in small intestine. 9. New social identities were created, blurring the traditional linguistic-ethnic boundaries that defined Pueblo villages during the first eight decades of colonization. 10. The teachings of Zhawaanong (the south) include: Time, relationships, youth, and patience. Colonization definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. 1. Bacterial ________ are toxic to the host in minute amounts. Native Americans and colonization: the 16th and 17th centuries. Content and Exam vocabulary from APUSH Period 2 (1607-1753) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Differentiate among the terms colonization, infection, and disease. It was the beginning of colonization through the Spanish. The purpose of colonization was to serve as a source of inexpensive labor and natural resources. Barton, Thomas F., Robert C. Kingsbury, and Gerald R. Showalter. 3. What do viral pandemics have to do with an opioid crisis? 4. Draw and label a curve representing the course of a clinical infection. Unit 2 Test Study Guide Unit 2 Performance Assessment . acquire the Chapter 27 Section 2 Colonization And Imperialism belong to that we come up with the money for here and check out the link. Slavery Narrative Rubric ... African Resistance to Imperialism Notes. 11. The positive side of the medicine wheel talks about creating good relationships. 3. 1. Colonization. Colonization is the establishment and multiplication of microbe on the body surface. 5.0: Prelude to Virulence Factors that Promote Bacterial Colonization Virulence factors are molecules expressed on or secreted by microorganisms that enable them to colonize the host, evade or inhibit the immune responses of the host, enter into or out of a host cell, and/or obtain nutrition from the host. 6. The first phase of European colonization of Southeast Asia took place throughout the 16th and 17th centuries after the arrival of Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish and later French and British marine spice traders. 5. Colonialism is when one nation seeks to further its own interests by exerting control and occupying another independent state, removing its independence. by. 6. Settler colonialism can be distinguished from other forms of colonialism – including classical or metropole colonialism, and neo-colonialism – by a number of key features. By 1867, the society had sent more than 13,000 emigrants. 3. Chapter 3 – Resistance to Colonization Overview Medicine Wheel Direction – South (Red) – Time and Relationships. List several portals of entry and exit. Explain the effects of the development of transatlantic ... significant social, cultural, and political changes on both sides of the The Atlantic Ocean. Years under US and Dutch colonial rule are significantly better than years under the Spanish and Portuguese.” Knock me over with a feather: being colonized by an economically more advanced European nation, or the U.S., gives better results than colonization by nations whose best days were hundreds of years ago. English - This is a post-colonial perspective of "The White Man's Burden". This book explains the strategic economic position of Hong Kong in relation to imperial global commerce. This led to … Inter-Pueblo trade and other ties between Pueblo people were established, such as new trade relationships between Jemez and Tewa people which became stronger during the revolt era than they had been in the 300 years before 1680. Western Africa - Western Africa - Colonization: The European scramble to partition and occupy African territory is often treated as a peripheral aspect of the political and economic rivalries that developed between the new industrial nations in Europe itself and that were particularly acute from about 1870 to 1914. To understand what effects WW2 had on the nature of the fight against colonialism and imperialism in Africa we need to look at the climate just before WW2. Southerners believed that it was dangerous and ill-advised for free blacks to remain in the slave states. 8. Define bioterrorism, and list examples of possible biological agents. 15. This resulted in a significant decrease in the incidence of plasmid-mediated, polyclonal CRKp colonization and infection . First, settler colonisers “come to stay”: unlike colonial agents such as traders, soldiers, or governors, settler collectives intend to permanently occupy and assert sovereignty over indigenous lands. The ________ rate is the number of persons afflicted with infectious disease. England's first permanent settlement in North America. 2. ‘During the French colonization, this was the quarantine zone for the port.’ ‘In lectures before the association, he spoke out against slavery and colonization, while urging African-American solidarity.’ ‘Their resistance to colonization is evident in the fact that … Unit 2 Bell Ringers & Exit Tickets. Colonialism is defined as “control by one power over a dependent area or people.” It occurs when one nation subjugates another, conquering … A condition in which pathogenic microorganisms penetrate host defenses, enter the tissues, and multiply is a(n) ________. 7. 11. Imperialism is a policy or ideology of extending the rule over peoples and other countries, for extending political and economic access, power and control, through employing hard power especially military force, but also soft power.While related to the concepts of colonialism and empire, imperialism is a distinct concept that can apply to other forms of expansion and many forms of government. List the steps a microbe has to take to get to the point where it can cause disease, • Portal of entry (usually thorough skin or mucous membranes). The readings and lessons help students consider the perspectives of Africans and the ways in which they responded to European colonialism. There are different perspectives about colonization. Compared to the British who only wanted to increase there territory dominace and increase their wealth, they did not care about the Natives. Colonization and Independence in Africa explores these themes generally, as well as specifically through four country case studies: Ghana, Algeria, Kenya, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Colonization definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Then there were teachers like Angel DeCora. Start studying Colonialism. 1. Escalating resistance among Klebsiella prompted us to class-restrict all cephalosporin and cephamycin use hospitalwide to remove the selective pressure for late-generation resistance in both K. pneumoniae and A. baumannii . • Pathogenicity: Describes an organism's potential to cause infection or disease. Banished from Massachusetts colony, one of the founders of Rhode Island, A government controlled by religious leaders, Grain, animal products, large plots of land, French nobleman, looking for religious freedom, Cooked, cleaned, no legal rights, could not own property, A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies. Colonization resistance was first identified in 1967, and it was initially referred to as antibiotic associated susceptibility. Related posts: Narrate the background of the liberation movement […] European Colonization Effects 1222 Words | 5 Pages. 10. Unlike in Africa and Asia where trade had been established for years and connections had been made for centuries before colonization took place. Explain the context for the colonization of North America from 1607 to 1754. 8. An infectious microorganism that is normally a commensal or does not harm its host but can cause disease when the host's resistance is low. Gymnosperms (the nonflowering seed plants) are only woody plants with a few woody twining vines. Rebellions Against Colonial Rule Before the Second World War. What impact did the end of World War I have on African colonies under European rule? A _______ is an epidemic occurring over multiple continents. Also, to figure out the role of normal biota in health and disease. minimum number of microbes required for an infection to proceed. 7. In 1st Jan, 1600, two diseases, smallpox and typhus, spread all over Mexico. university of ottawa land acknowledgement, For the entirety of human history, we have dealt with infectious disease, epidemic events, and global crises, but perhaps not at the scale we are now experiencing. The effects of colonization were reflected in different groups of people. 4. In nearly all African countries today, the language \[…\] The minimum number of microbes required to cause diseases is the _______ ______. In 1st Jan, 1519, Hernan Cortes tried to conquer the Aztec empire with 500 men. Start studying Ch. Mexico changed forever Aug. 13, 1521 -- the day Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez conquered Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire and site of … True/False: If a virus causing a respiratory disease is ingested, it will not cause disease. Exoenzymes: break down and inflict damage on tissues, dissolve host's defense barriers and promote the spread of microbes into deeper tissues (secreted by pathogenic bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms), 9. Modern Hawai'i, like its colonial overlord, the United States of America, is a settler society. Start studying History: Unit 2 Test. skin and adjacent mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract including mouth, outer portion of urethra, external genitalia, vagina, external ear, external eye; New sites: lungs, bladder, breast milk, amniotic fluid and fetus; microbial DNA pos detected: brain, blood stream. Modern Southeast Asian countries emerge from their rich history, diverse cultures as well as their social transformation from their anti-western colonial struggle as well as their anti-Japanese resistance during World War II. Bibliography. It also focuses on the social adaptations of ethnic Hong Kong citizens. Imperialism In The Nineteenth Century A significant shift occurred in the second half of the nineteenth century. new period of imperialism. colonizing the Americas. Colonisation (or colonization) is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components. Healthcare-associated infection-Infectious diseases that are acquired or develop during a hospital stay or stay in another health care facility. Summarize the goals of epidemiology and the roles of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). List Koch's postulates, and explain alternative methods for identifying an etiologic agent. diplomatic negotiations and military resistance. 17. List examples of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Perhaps European colonization’s single greatest impact on the North American environment was the introduction of disease. During the period of ________, a pathogen exhibits its greatest virulence. ... Germans killed by the famine, and the Germans shocked by the outcome made some government reforms in an attempt to make colonization more acceptable for the Africans. List and describe three factors that weaken host defenses and increase susceptibility to infection. Africans’ Resistance To Colonialism- Things You Never Knew About The Colonial Era Power. An infectious microorganism that is normally a commensal or does not harm its host but can cause disease when the host's resistance is low. The main part of the essay will attempt to critically analyze the impact of colonialism in three parts, namely; a) on the state, b) on the economy, and c) on the society. The battles continued but did not truly threaten Zulu sovereignty. How does a polio epidemic exacerbate racism? 2. A(n) _______ disease is seen at a steady frequency over a long period of time in a particular location. Programme Director, Comrades, Brothers and Sisters, The effects of colonialism past and present are visible all over Africa. Define healthcare-associated infection, listing common types and their causative agents. For S. aureus, higher-abundance colonization that is detectable by culture is further linked to higher risk of subsequent infection than lower-abundance colonization that is frequently undetected by culture . 1. the suspected pathogenic organism should be present in all cases of the disease and absent form healthy animals. Differentiate among the various types of reservoirs, providing examples of each. and tell us what microbes are there. A highly effective guerilla campaign by Philippine resistance forces controlled sixty percent of the islands, mostly jungle and mountain areas. Can be caused by bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens Examples: • Candida albicans - a causal agent of opportunistic oral and genital infections in … 9. incidence conveys information about the risk of contracting the disease, whereas prevalence indicates how widespread the disease is. STI's, malaria, bubonic plague, Rickettsiae caused typhus, Chagas disease. In the 1600s, French and Dutch settlers in North America took a very different approach to colonization than their English or Spanish counterparts. The HMP will collect genetic sequences in gut, respiratory tract, skin, etc. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter. Decolonization is an evidence-based intervention that can be used to prevent health care-associated infections (HAIs). You have remained in right site to start getting this info. Enumerate the sites where normal biota is found in humans. 2. Differentiate between a microbe's pathogenicity and its virulence. • Reservoir: a permanent place for an infectious agent to reside. Some people think that the colonization was a great event that happened to the Americans and Europeans. Some effects were bad and some ere good. Methods of Control/Resistance; Colonizer Vs colonized. Unit 2 Quizlet Vocabulary Review . The Great Pueblo Revolt, or Pueblo Revolt [AD 1680-1696], was a 16-year period in the history of the American southwest when the Pueblo people overthrew the Spanish conquistadors and began to rebuild their communities. 8. Colonial Resistance and Rebellion Crispus Attucks was a sailor of African and Native-American ances-try. How Africa October 25, 2017, 11:46 am Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Look it up now! True/False: The etiology of all infectious diseases can be determined by Koch's Postulates. On the one hand, some scholars hold that it greatly contributed to the civilizing of the back­ward people and contributed to the improvement of their living standards. Define opportunism, and list examples of common opportunistic pathogens. Colonial nationalist movements developed a sense of belonging to a larger international movement of colonized peoples seeking liberation from colonialism and racial oppression. False it depends on where it migrates. Belgian Congo, French Congo Belge, former colony (coextensive with the present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo) in Africa, ruled by Belgium from 1908 until 1960. Japan occupied the Philippines for over three years, until the surrender of Japan. Define infectious dose, and explain its role in establishing infection. But she faced financial instability, resistance from both white and Native American people, and an ongoing feeling of alienation. 25.1 Guided Notes. Both labour and capital in England had become fairly fluid by 1600 and were seeking more profitable fields. Some Indian communities were approached with respect and in turn greeted the odd-looking visitors as guests. to work out there [sic] Salvation the best they can. A ________ is objective evidence of disease. ''1 The colonization movement began in 1816 as an antislavery response to the dilemma of what to do with free and freed Negroes. After 1870 and even more dramatically after 1885, there was a remarkable increase in the European acquisition of colonial territories in the South Pacific, Asia, and Africa In 1870, about 10% of Africa had been colonized, whereas by… Settler colonialism is a form of colonialism that seeks to replace the original population of the colonized territory with a new society of settlers. -the use of a biological agent (bacteria, virus, toxin) to intentionally cause disease in civilian populations for the purpose of creating terror. In 1822, the society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in 1847 became the independent nation of Liberia. 3. List several virulence factors, and summarize their actions within a host. Here to connect the dots are authors and medical professionals […] Colonization resistance results primarily from the "limiting action" of the normal anaerobic flora, and to a lesser extent from an intact mucosa, gastric acid secretion, intestinal motility, and intestinal-associated immunity (41) . 5. 4. • Exotoxin: Secreted by a living bacterial cell to the infected tissues. Colonization resistance is the mechanism whereby the intestinal microbiota protects itself against incursion by new and often harmful microorganisms. In popular parlance, discussions of colonialism in Africa usually focus on the European conquests that resulted in the scramble for Africa after the Berlin Conference in the 19th century\. Spanish colonization was meant to conquer new territory to increase trade and spread their religious beliefs with Natives and other Americans. In this video, Kim examines the trading relationships that French and Dutch settlers established with Native Americans in North America and how colonial goals affected patterns of settlement. Identify why some diseases are "notifiable," and provide four examples of such reportable diseases. Epidemiology- effects of disease on the community. Discuss the three major types of epidemic, and identify the epidemic curves associated with each. 1. Microbes to which native inhabitants had no immunity led to death everywhere Europeans settled. Differentiate between the terms incidence and prevalence. Unit 2: Imperialism & Colonization Transatlantic Slave Trade Prezi. Helped found and govern Jamestown. The following source covers the history of Hong Kong from its colonization in 1839 to its return to China in 1997. The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. There are few herbaceous or aquatic gymnosperms; most gymnosperms do not occur as swampy … I will be discussing the long term effect of North American colonisation on the Native Americans, focusing on such issues as employment opportunities, the environment, culture and traditions, health, as well as social justice. Compare and contrast major characteristics of exotoxins and endotoxin. The outcome of these colonies was never intended, culture development. 19. Key Concept: 2.1: Europeans developed a variety of colonization and migration patterns, influenced by different imperial goals, cultures, and the varied North American environments where they settled, and they competed with each other and American Indians for resources. List six different modes of horizontal transmission, providing an infectious disease spread by each. Our Hawaiian people, now but a remnant of the nearly one million Natives present at contact with the West in the 18th century, live at the margins of our island society. You could purchase guide Chapter 27 Section 2 Colonization And Imperialism or Spanish, French, Dutch, and British ... Quizlet Live. - The disease has significant public health significance (TB, Anthrax). True/False: Babies born by caesarian section are colonized by the same biota as babies born vaginally. The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. 14. ________ diseases are caused by newly identified microbes. Anti-Western protests, sometime called primary resistance movements, organized to expel foreigners and restore the culture to … Although COP colonization itself is asymptomatic, it can be an important risk factor for subsequent disease . (The Japanese, after witnessing the treatment of China by the West and its own experience of near-colonialism in 1853, successfully establish Japan as a competitor with Western powers for colonial rights in Asia and special privileges in China.) impact of colonialism on 19th and early 20th century China will be briefly discussed. Other articles where Colonization is discussed: angiosperm: Distribution and abundance: …has contributed to their successful colonization of more habitats than any other group of land plants. Second, most antibiotics substantially reduce the normal resistance of the intestinal tract to colonization by exogenous organisms . Along the New England coast between 1616 and 1618, epidemics claimed the lives of 75 percent of the native people. Finally, some concluding remarks will be … -Old age and extreme youth (infancy, prematurity). 1) directly through the action of enzymes. 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